Selasa, 10 Januari 2017

My Holiday

I went to Bali last thursday. I went with my family and by an airplane. That was my first time I went to Bali and I was so excited about it. Although I thought It was a little bit too late to have a holiday. It was just a short holiday because on  Monday I had to go to school. But I felt happy about the holiday with my family.

I went on 5th January 2017 from Husein Sastranegara Airport. My flight schedule was on 12.00 PM and I arrived at the airport 1 hour before that. The flight was so amazing because at first the buildngs looked so small and I thought it was so cool. And then everything turned to white. And before the landing I could see a beuatiful  scenery from the sky. I went immediately to the hotel after I arrived at Ngurah Rai International Airport.

Hasil gambar untuk bali

(Source: http://www.virtusvita.com/destination/details/bali)

At the first day in Bali, I went to Kuta beach to enjoy the scenery. I couldn’t see the sunset because it was cloudy, but I still enjoyed it. My family and I took some picture in Kuta beach and then we walked around Kuta beach to spent time. And then we came back to the hotel and saw interesting places in the night. We also bought some gifts before came backt to the hotel.

The second day was the busiest day, because i went to six different places. First, I went to nusa dua beach. In this beach we just took a lot of picture and enjoy the scenery. There were fewer people here than kuta beach island. And then I went to tanjung Benoa beach to play some water activities like banana boat ride, walking underwater and flying fish water ride. It was fun because i saw lots of new things. The third place is Pandawa beach. I think it was the most beautiful beach i saw in bali. It was so blue and the sand was so soft. And I felt so calm and free.

After that I went to Garuda Wisnu Kencana Cultural Park or usually called GWK. There were a lot of great sculpture. My family and I took pictures in different places. The next place was Uluwatu Temple. We needed to be careful, because there were monkeys and they sometimes took visitors belongings. There were so many stairs there and when I arrived at the top of the temple, I could see a beautiful sunset and the scenery of the sea down there. I also saw kecak dance in uluwatu temple. There were lots of man made circle and in the middle there were the characters of the story. There was so fun, amazing, and hilarious. I really enjoyed the show and the beauty of the temple.



And last thing I did in Bali on that day was having a dinner in Jimbaran beach. We ates seafood and enjoyed the beach scenery. There were many kind of seafoods like squid, fish, prawn and many more. It felt so different because I never Had dinner with a sand around my feet. And after a long way trip I finally came back to the hotel. I felt so tired and happy at the same time.

On the next day or last day in Bali I was experiencing water rafting.  There was a guide when I did rafting in that river. I like it because the water was so cold and challenging. The water rafting was about 2-3 hours long and it was so worth. After that My family and I went to Ubud but we didn’t do anything there. We just looked Ubud from the car because we should back to cacth the flight. And before we went home with airplane, we bought some gifts at Joger. It was so beautiful to see Bali at night from the sky. I could see so many light down there and it was so amazing. And that was my holiday story.


Selasa, 22 November 2016

Mahatma Gandhi



Indian nationalist leader Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, more commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Kathiawar, India, which was then part of the British Empire. His father, Karamchand Gandhi, served as a chief minister in Porbandar and other states in western India. His mother, Putlibai, was a deeply religious woman who fasted regularly. Gandhi grew up worshiping the Hindu god Vishnu and following Jainism, a morally rigorous ancient Indian religion that espoused non-violence, fasting, meditation and vegetarianism. 
In 1885, Gandhi endured the passing of his father and shortly after that the death of his young baby. Although Gandhi was interested in becoming a doctor, his father had hoped he would also become a government minister, so his family steered him to enter the legal profession. Shortly after the birth of the first of four surviving sons, 18-year-old Gandhi sailed for London, England, in 1888 to study law. The young Indian struggled with the transition to Western culture, and during his three-year stay in London, he became more committed to a meatless diet, joining the executive committee of the London Vegetarian Society, and started to read a variety of sacred texts to learn more about world religions. 
Upon returning to India in 1891, Gandhi learned that his mother had died just weeks earlier. Then, he struggled to gain his footing as a lawyer. In his first courtroom case, a nervous Gandhi blanked when the time came to cross-examine a witness. He immediately fled the courtroom after reimbursing his client for his legal fees. After struggling to find work in India, Gandhi obtained a one-year contract to perform legal services in South Africa. Shortly after the birth of another son, he sailed for Durban in the South African state of Natal in April 1893.
When Gandhi arrived in South Africa, he was quickly appalled by the discrimination and racial segregation faced by Indian immigrants at the hands of white British and Boer authorities. Upon his first appearance in a Durban courtroom, Gandhi was asked to remove his turban. He refused and left the court instead. The Natal Advertiser mocked him in print as “an unwelcome visitor.”
A seminal moment in Gandhi’s life occurred days later on June 7, 1893, during a train trip to Pretoria when a white man objected to his presence in the first-class railway compartment, although he had a ticket. Refusing to move to the back of the train, Gandhi was forcibly removed and thrown off the train at a station in Pietermaritzburg. His act of civil disobedience awoke in him a determination to devote himself to fighting the “deep disease of color prejudice.” He vowed that night to “try, if possible, to root out the disease and suffer hardships in the process.” From that night forward, the small, unassuming man would grow into a giant force for civil rights.
Gandhi formed the Natal Indian Congress in 1894 to fight discrimination. At the end of his year-long contract, he prepared to return to India until he learned at his farewell party of a bill before the Natal Legislative Assembly that would deprive Indians of the right to vote. Fellow immigrants convinced Gandhi to stay and lead the fight against the legislation. Although Gandhi could not prevent the law’s passage, he drew international attention to the injustice. 
After a brief trip to India in late 1896 and early 1897, Gandhi returned to South Africa with his wife and two children. Kasturba would give birth to two more sons in South Africa, one in 1897 and one in 1900. Gandhi ran a thriving legal practice, and at the outbreak of the Boer War, he raised an all-Indian ambulance corps of 1,100 volunteers to support the British cause, arguing that if Indians expected to have full rights of citizenship in the British Empire, they also needed to shoulder their responsibilities as well. 
Gandhi continued to study world religions during his years in South Africa. “The religious spirit within me became a living force,” he wrote of his time there. He immersed himself in sacred Hindu spiritual texts and adopted a life of simplicity, austerity and celibacy that was free of material goods. 
In 1906, Gandhi organized his first mass civil-disobedience campaign, which he called “Satyagraha” (“truth and firmness”), in reaction to the Transvaal government’s new restrictions on the rights of Indians, including the refusal to recognize Hindu marriages. After years of protests, the government imprisoned hundreds of Indians in 1913, including Gandhi. Under pressure, the South African government accepted a compromise negotiated by Gandhi and General Jan Christian Smuts that included recognition of Hindu marriages and the abolition of a poll tax for Indians. When Gandhi sailed from South Africa in 1914 to return home, Smuts wrote, “The saint has left our shores, I sincerely hope forever.”
After spending several months in London at the outbreak of World War I, Gandhi returned in 1915 to India, which was still under the firm control of the British, and founded an ashram in Ahmedabad open to all castes. Wearing a simple loincloth and shawl, Gandhi lived an austere life devoted to prayer, fasting and meditation. He became known as “Mahatma,” which means “great soul.”


(source: http://khurpi.com/in-defence-of-mahatma-gandhi/)
In 1919, however, Gandhi had a political reawakening when the newly enacted Rowlatt Act authorized British authorities to imprison those suspected of sedition without trial. In response, Gandhi called for a Satyagraha campaign of peaceful protests and strikes. Violence broke out instead, which culminated on April 13, 1919, in the Massacre of Amritsar when troops led by British Brigadier General Reginald Dyer fired machine guns into a crowd of unarmed demonstrators and killed nearly 400 people. No longer able to pledge allegiance to the British government, Gandhi returned the medals he earned for his military service in South Africa and opposed Britain’s mandatory military draft of Indians to serve in World War I. 
Gandhi became a leading figure in the Indian home-rule movement. Calling for mass boycotts, he urged government officials to stop working for the Crown, students to stop attending government schools, soldiers to leave their posts and citizens to stop paying taxes and purchasing British goods. Rather than buy British-manufactured clothes, he began to use a portable spinning wheel to produce his own cloth, and the spinning wheel soon became a symbol of Indian independence and self-reliance. Gandhi assumed the leadership of the Indian National Congress and advocated a policy of non-violence and non-cooperation to achieve home rule. 
After British authorities arrested Gandhi in 1922, he pleaded guilty to three counts of sedition. Although sentenced to a six-year imprisonment, Gandhi was released in February 1924 after appendicitis surgery. He discovered upon his release that relations between India’s Hindus and Muslims had devolved during his time in jail, and when violence between the two religious groups flared again, Gandhi began a three-week fast in the autumn of 1924 to urge unity. 
After remaining away from active politics during much of the latter 1920s, Gandhi returned in 1930 to protest Britain’s Salt Acts, which not only prohibited Indians from collecting or selling salt—a staple of the Indian diet—but imposed a heavy tax that hit the country’s poorest particularly hard. Gandhi planned a new Satyagraha campaign that entailed a 390-kilometer/240-mile march to the Arabian Sea, where he would collect salt in symbolic defiance of the government monopoly.  
“My ambition is no less than to convert the British people through non-violence and thus make them see the wrong they have done to India,” he wrote days before the march to the British viceroy, Lord Irwin. Wearing a homespun white shawl and sandals and carrying a walking stick, Gandhi set out from his religious retreat in Sabarmati on March 12, 1930, with a few dozen followers. The ranks of the marchers swelled by the time he arrived 24 days later in the coastal town of Dandi, where he broke the law by making salt from evaporated seawater.
The Salt March sparked similar protests, and mass civil disobedience swept across India. Approximately 60,000 Indians were jailed for breaking the Salt Acts, including Gandhi, who was imprisoned in May 1930. Still, the protests against the Salt Acts elevated Gandhi into a transcendent figure around the world, and he was named Time magazine’s “Man of the Year” for 1930. 
Gandhi was released from prison in January 1931, and two months later he made an agreement with Lord Irwin to end the Salt Satyagraha in exchange for concessions that included the release of thousands of political prisoners. The agreement, however, largely kept the Salt Acts intact, but it did give those who lived on the coasts the right to harvest salt from the sea. Hoping that the agreement would be a stepping-stone to home rule, Gandhi attended the London Round Table Conference on Indian constitutional reform in August 1931 as the sole representative of the Indian National Congress. The conference, however, proved fruitless.
Gandhi returned to India to find himself imprisoned once again in January 1932 during a crackdown by India’s new viceroy, Lord Willingdon. Later that year, an incarcerated Gandhi embarked on a six-day fast to protest the British decision to segregate the “untouchables,” those on the lowest rung of India’s caste system, by allotting them separate electorates. The public outcry forced the British to amend the proposal. 
After his eventual release, Gandhi left the Indian National Congress in 1934, and leadership passed to his protégé Jawaharlal Nehru. He again stepped away from politics to focus on education, poverty and the problems afflicting India’s rural areas.
As Great Britain found itself engulfed in World War II in 1942, though, Gandhi launched the “Quit India” movement that called for the immediate British withdrawal from the country. In August 1942, the British arrested Gandhi, his wife and other leaders of the Indian National Congress and detained them in the Aga Khan Palace in present-day Pune. “I have not become the King’s First Minister in order to preside at the liquidation of the British Empire,” Prime Minister Winston Churchill told Parliament in support of the crackdown. With his health failing, Gandhi was released after a 19-month detainment, but not before his 74-year-old wife died in his arms in February 1944. 
After the Labour Party defeated Churchill’s Conservatives in the British general election of 1945, it began negotiations for Indian independence with the Indian National Congress and Mohammad Ali Jinnah’s Muslim League. Gandhi played an active role in the negotiations, but he could not prevail in his hope for a unified India. Instead, the final plan called for the partition of the subcontinent along religious lines into two independent states—predominantly Hindu India and predominantly Muslim Pakistan. 
Violence between Hindus and Muslims flared even before independence took effect on August 15, 1947. Afterwards, the killings multiplied. Gandhi toured riot-torn areas in an appeal for peace and fasted in an attempt to end the bloodshed. Some Hindus, however, increasingly viewed Gandhi as a traitor for expressing sympathy toward Muslims.
In the late afternoon of January 30, 1948, the 78-year-old Gandhi, still weakened from repeated hunger strikes, clung to his two grandnieces as they led him from his living quarters in New Delhi’s Birla House to a prayer meeting. Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse, upset at Gandhi’s tolerance of Muslims, knelt before the Mahatma before pulling out a semiautomatic pistol and shooting him three times at point-blank range. The violent act took the life of a pacifist who spent his life preaching non-violence. Godse and a co-conspirator were executed by hanging in November 1949, while additional conspirators were sentenced to life in prison. 
Even after his death, Gandhi’s commitment to non-violence and his belief in simple living—making his own clothes, eating a vegetarian diet and using fasts for self-purification as well as a means of protest—have been a beacon of hope for oppressed and marginalized people throughout the world. Satyagraha remains one of the most potent philosophies in freedom struggles throughout the world today, and Gandhi’s actions inspired future human rights movements around the globe, including those of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. in the United States and Nelson Mandela in South Africa. 



Selasa, 25 Oktober 2016

Report Text





The white tiger is a pigmentation variant of the Bengal tiger, which is reported in the wild from time to time in Indian States of Assam. Such a tiger has the black stripes typical of the Bengal tiger, but carries a white or near-white coat.
Hasil gambar untuk white tiger

White tigers are same like the normal tigers but the color of its fur is white . It is caused by a lack of the pigment pheomelanin, which is found in Bengal tigers with orange color fur.  White tigers have a stunning blue eyes, beautiful white fur. White male tigers reach weights of 200 to 230 kilograms and can grow up to 3 meters in length.  The white tigers tend to grow faster and heavier than orange tiger.
Even tough the color of it s fur is beautiful but its disavantage. because they cannot disguise from their prey. And it can’t do surprise attack.

Question

1.       What is the perfect title for the text ?
a.       The Cool Bengal Tigers
b.      Sumatran Tigers
c.       The Big Tigers
d.       The Wild Tigers
e.      White Tigers


2.       Why the white tigers has white fur?
a.       Because a lack of the pigment pheomelanin
b.      Because there is white in it’s name
c.       Because the white male tigers reach weights of 300 kg
d.      Because they cannot disguise from their pray
e.      Because they grow faster than than other tigers

3.       Why the white tigers cannot disguise from their prey?
a.       Because it has black stripes
b.      Because it reported in Indian States
c.       Because the color of it’s fur is white
d.      Because it has not teeth
e.      Because the color of it’s eyes is white

4.       What is the synonym of surprise?
a.       Hurtle
b.      Startle
c.       Paralyze
d.      Plead
e.      Spank

5.      What is the antonym of lack?
a.       Frugal
b.      Extravagant
c.       Adequate
d.      Excess
e.      Plenty

  
Source :https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_tiger

Selasa, 11 Oktober 2016

Cainee Festival (advertisement)

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For Hisyam's video, click https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=7otNTnv8gs8
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Selasa, 27 September 2016

Merapi Mount

(source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oR5oHWv_bOI)


Mount Merapi, Gunung Merapi  is an active stratovolcano located on the border between Central Java and Yogyakarta, Indonesia. This mount has erupted a lot o times. The last erupted is on the afternoon of 25 October 2010. The height of this mountain is about 2,930 m (9,610 ft). This mount is amazing and so0 beautiful.

There are a lot of things that we can do in mount Merapi, like climbing , travelling with jeep and enjoy the nature around the mount. The most interesting things to try in this place is travelling with jeep. Because in a jeep we can feel so free with the wind and the dust around the mountain.
Climb to this mountain will make you feel so blessed in the top of the mountain. Because you can see sunrise, the pure blue sky and many more. Even the cloud is under your foot. And you can fool more challanged because is hard to reach the top of this mount.


 (source : https://doumontablog.wordpress.com/2014/06/04/mendaki-gunung-merapi/)

 (source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Merapi#/media/File:Destroyed_house_in_Cangkringan_Village_after_the_2010_Eruptions_of_Mount_Merapi.jpg)


Merapi mount has erupted alot of times. Last time it erupted on 5 November 2010. One of the villages got damage by Gunung merapi erupted and the name of teh village is Cangkringan. The erupted alaso destroyed all things even houses badly damaged by mount Merapi eroupted.

 Source:
http://www.tribunnews.com/regional/2010/11/05/inilah-kronologi-letusan-dahsyat-merapi-di-jumat-pagi
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Merapi
https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunung_Merapi